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in walk in suboxone clinics we see a lot of Codeine Addiction: What It Is, What It Doesn't Do, And How To Get Rid Of It
Codeine is an opioid with a moderate potency. It is addictive and should only be used in the treatment of adults when absolutely necessary.
What Is Codeine and How Does It Work?
Codeine is an opioid that is used in combination with other drugs as a pain reliever, cough suppressant, and in some migraine medications. It's not meant to be used for a long time and only works for mild to moderate pain.
The following prescriptions are made with codeine and other medications:
Tylenol 3 / Tylenol 4 – This prescription pain reliever is made up of codeine and acetaminophen. Tylenol 3 has 30 milligrams of codeine and 325 milligrams of acetaminophen, while Tylenol 4 has 60 milligrams of codeine and 325 milligrams of acetaminophen.
Tuzistra XR is a mixture of promethazine and codeine that works as a cough suppressant as well as treating runny nose and other allergy and cold symptoms. This drug is available as a cough syrup with a prescription.
Fioricet w/codeine and Phrenilin w/codeine and caffeine: Fioricet w/codeine and Phrenilin w/codeine and caffeine: This prescription drug contains butalbital, acetaminophen, caffeine, and codeine and is used to treat migraines.
Codeine has a four to six-hour half-life and takes less than 30 minutes to kick in. Codeine is a depressant that affects the central nervous system (CNS) and alters how the body/brain responds to pain. Codeine also reduces brain activity, particularly in the area that controls coughing.
Codeine has a reputation for being a "weak" analgesic, which is completely false. In the body, codeine is converted to morphine. The conversion to morphine might result in slowed respiration, which can lead to death.The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) declared in 2017 that codeine was no longer appropriate for patients under the age of 18. Opioids, such as codeine, have a significant potential for abuse and addiction. Codeine should only be used as directed and for a short period of time.
What Is The Use Of Codeine?
Cocaine use is very widespread among teenagers. In order to get high, they combine liquid codeine with soda, juice, and even alcohol.These mixed cocktails are known as Lean, Sizzurp, and Purple Drank after some well-known celebrities who popularized them. In pill form, codeine is typically consumed or crushed and snorted. Codeine can promote sensations of relaxation and happiness and create a rush of dopamine in the brain regardless of how it's taken. Each of these variables contributes to the development of an addiction. When you abuse codeine for a long time, you develop tolerance to it, especially if you use it for more than a few weeks. Codeine, like all opioids, is extremely addictive. Tolerance, dependency, and addiction are all possible side effects of codeine use. When a person develops tolerance to codeine, the same dose will no longer produce the same results. If a person decides to take more codeine to maintain the same effects as the prior dose, their prescription is likely to run out before it is time to refill.
Codeine's Negative Effects
When someone takes codeine, they are probably looking for pleasure and deep relaxation. However, in addition to the desirable effects, there are a slew of unfavorable outcomes.
The following are some of the most immediate impacts of codeine use:
mouth that is dry
The blood pressure falls.
Additional symptoms may develop over time, such as:
fluctuations in mood
pupils that are dilated
unable to pay attention
a rash or allergic response on the skin
issues with coordination
diminished desire for sex
Itching or flushing
The following are possible long-term negative effects of codeine use:
Impairment of memory
spasms of the muscles
injury to the liver
High amounts of codeine have a similar effect on the body as alcohol intoxication. Slurring words, drifting out, and a lack of coordination are all signs that someone is taking too much codeine.
Addiction to Codeine
The usage of codeine is a major risk factor for opiate addiction. Use of codeine can develop to tolerance and dependence. If a person is dependent on codeine, they will experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking it. Avoiding withdrawal is a common motivation for maintaining opioid dependency and, in some circumstances, opioid addiction. When a person has a codeine addiction, they usually have to deal with the negative effects of the drug. They may also display symptoms of codeine addiction, such as: Codeine can be purchased illegally or on the street.
falsifying codeine prescriptions
shopping for a doctor (making appointments with different doctors to obtain multiple prescriptions)
Taking other people's codeine or money
Isolation from family and friends
feigning drug usage
individuals are unable to stop taking codeine, even when they want to
When codeine isn't available, other opioids (oxycodone, hydrocodone) are used instead.
When you stop using codeine, you may have withdrawal symptoms.
increased chance of overdosing
In the United States, the use of codeine is at an all-time high. Many people in the United States battle with codeine addiction. Prescription opiate abuse is frequently followed by heroin addiction. Approximately 80% of heroin users acknowledged to initially using opiate medicines.
Every day, 130 individuals die as a result of an opioid overdose. In 2014, two million people in the United States were abusing prescription opioids. Over 270,000 adolescents abused painkillers in 2015. Codeine Overdose Symptoms. Overdosing is more likely in people who have a history of codeine use or addiction. Overdosing on codeine is harmful and can be lethal. When codeine is converted to morphine, it can cause serious respiratory problems.
Breathing problems can deprive the brain of oxygen. Long-term low oxygen or full oxygen deprivation for longer than five minutes can result in lifelong brain damage. If a person using codeine appears to be struggling to breathe or exhibits any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical attention:
skin that is clammy
nodding in agreement
A codeine overdose can cause a heart attack, stroke, convulsions, coma, and possibly death if not treated immediately.Is It Possible To Withdraw From Codeine? Because codeine use can lead to physical dependence, a person who is addicted to the medication will experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking it. Withdrawing off codeine can be unpleasant, and in some circumstances, extremely painful.
Opioid withdrawal is rarely lethal on its own, but it may be extremely distressing, and many people resort to opioids early in their sobriety to prevent withdrawal. Codeine withdrawal symptoms are quite comparable to severe flu-like symptoms, as are other opioid withdrawal symptoms. A person suffering from codeine withdrawals may have the following symptoms in addition to muscle and body aches, vomiting, and diarrhea:
eyes that are watering
a stuffy nose
a desire for more codeine
Legs that are restless
Physical and flu-like side effects usually last about seven days, while behavioral and mental withdrawal symptoms might endure for months after the last dose of codeine has been taken.
Because the withdrawal from codeine and other opioids is so severe, it is strongly recommended that the person get treatment at an opioid addiction detox center. Clients can receive support, medication, and vitamins from programs designed to aid those with codeine addiction.
Codeine Addiction Treatment Programs. Opioid treatment programs are substance abuse treatment programs that focus on opioid addiction (OTPs). For those suffering from an opioid use disorder, these rehab centers employ evidence-based intervention strategies and provide comprehensive therapy. The state and federal governments keep an eye on facilities that provide OTPs.