Opioid addiction research roundup
In recent years, the use of opioids in the United States has reached epidemic proportions.
Opioids killed more than 28,000 individuals in 2014, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than any previous year on record. A prescription opioid is involved in at least half of all opioid deaths.
Despite increasingly frequent opiate prescriptions, the level of pain experienced by Americans has remained same. The Department of Health and Human Services has created a "National Pain Strategy," and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has published recommendations for prescription opioids for chronic pain.
According to the American Medical Association, out of 472,000 people aged 18 to 64 who took part in the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health from 2003 to 2013, three-quarters of those who need help with prescription opioid addiction are not getting it. Patients may require both psychological and medication-assisted therapy in order to achieve long-term rehabilitation.
In addition to examining the research summaries below, psychologists are invited to dig deeper into the literature to see what might be beneficial in practice.